|Title of the article
LABOUR EDUCATION IN SOVIET SCHOOLS IN 1984–1991 (BY THE EXAMPLE OF GORKOV REGION)
Somov Vladimir Aleksandrovich, Doctor of historical sciences, associate professor, sub-department of modern Russian history, Nizhny Novgorod State University named after N. I. Lobachevsky (23 Gagarina avenue, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia), firstname.lastname@example.org
Somova Dar'ya Vitol'dovna, Applicant, sub-department of modern Russian history, Nizhny Novgorod State University named after N. I. Lobachevsky (23 Gagarina avenue, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia), email@example.com
Background. The modern condition of the Russian educational system is charac-terized by searching of optimal models of formation of civil values in the rising ge-neration. At the same time, the economic crisis makes it topical to promote fostering of such values that form the constructive labor motivation of students. The purpose of the investrigation is the historical and pedagogical analysis of the process of labor education in the Soviet school during its intensive reform in 1984–1991.
Materials and methods. For solution of the problems of the investigation the authors used the methods similar to those used in classical historical science: the his-torical-genetic, historical, comparative, historical-typological methods.
Results. The pedagogical impact on students in the process of labor education in the period of 1984–1991 was investigated. The reasons for which the Soviet peda-gogy could not find application for labor education in conditions of the market economy were revealed. It is noted that there is a considerable potential of labor education through its influence on the younger generation.
Conclusions. The Soviet pedagogy in the middle of 1980s faced the problem of the probability of an alternative choice of a future profession by students. Effect on young people by the school tended to minimum. The lack of the clear government policy in the field of labor education led to disorganization of the value system of Soviet schoolchildren. This fact had a destructive impact on the economy of post-Soviet Russia of the 1990s.
labour education, school reform, ideological and administrative factors.
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